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雅思口语part3高分策略

2018-05-07 09:390我要评论

雅思口语part3是很多考生觉得难以取得高分的部分——考官不停地发问,问题很抽象。很多学生无话可说,而且容易被考官反驳得哑口无言。

  那么在回答part3的问题时应该注意些什么呢?如何可以得到一个比较好的分数呢(大部分的考生的口语目标分数是6分及以上)?

  首先我们要理清part3的对话模式,和part1不一样的是,part3是一场辩论。一场辩论中,辩论双方不停的揪住对方的逻辑弱点提问,而灵活的辩手总是能自圆其说(通过扩充的自己的观点,或者驳斥对方的逻辑缺陷等)总是让自己处于主动的地位。

  下面环球教育给大家提几个好的高分答题策略:

  1.不要拐弯抹角,直接陈述并坚持观点。

  有一个考生被问到艺术的问题:

  What is art?

  这个学生说:

  People hold different views toward art and so I think

  we should not give it a definition.

  考官马上问:

  Then why do people go to museums?

  然后这个平时思考非常积极的学生回答说:

  I think probably you are right, art can be defined.

  …

  这个考生在回答的时候没有明确给出一个定义,而是兜圈子,甚至否定了自己的观点,给人的感觉就是他没有观点,而且不会用语言defend(进行辩护)。如果该考生给出了一个观点,比如说:Art is beauty. 那么他就可以举例说明哪些东西是自己认为的艺术(paintings, sculptures, dramas, movies…)。

  2.多种方法进行论证

  part3答案要求之一是:给出的观点要有论证-例子支撑或者其他强有力的逻辑论述--对比,因果,强调等。

  有个考生被问到网路教育是否会取代传统教育:

  考官:Do you think traditional classroom education will be replaced by

  distance learning?

  考生:I don't think so. Students can talk to teachers and other students

  face to face when studying in a classroom whereas they cannot do so when having lessons online.

  考官:You know when they are having Skype lessons,they can ask questions and see their teachers, too.

  考生:Maybe you are right, traditional education will be replaced by online learning.

  这个学生直接陈述了自己的观点,但是还是在考官的追问时很快否定了自己的观点。

  如果这个考生能够拓展自己的观点,我的意思是他能指出对方的逻辑漏洞或者传统教育的其他好处,那么他的论证就会更丰富更有深度。比如他接下来可以这样说:

  一、可以从其他方面进行反驳(例举):But as I know, this kind of customized lessons are very expensive and not every student can afford to take it, let alone those poor students. Admittedly, there are many pre-recorded lessons available online, but most of them are too general and fail to consider the uniqueness of each and every student. And you should also know that not every student have the willpower to finish the lessons online, especially students of a younger age.

  对比突出traditional class 的不可替代性:Whereas in a traditional class with a proper number of 25 students, as the teachers know the special characteristics of each student---their learning ability, thinking, knowledge and so on, they are more able to track learning of the students and give each individual student proper suggestion for improvement.

  This is, of course, more time-efficient and productive.

  二、用face to face 的特征进行反驳(原观点)

  But can the students get a hug or a pat on the shoulder from the online teachers, when they do very well in their study? They cannot, right? My point is that classroom is not only a place for study but is also supposed to promote a student's social life, by that I mean they can have real interaction with other students and teachers. You know, they can chase each other during class break and have fun together. In a word, classroom education provides opportunities for students to learn how to socialize with people in real life.

  综上:Part3考察学生运用语言表达自己观点并进行论证的能力,这也是整个雅思口语考试最能真实反映学生语言水平的部分。学生不仅需要明确提出自己的观点而且要结合进行有力的论证。同时,学生应该特别注意自己的语法和词汇,一定要牢记4项评分标准——语音、流利度、词汇和语法。

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